The termites are a group of eusocial insects usually classified at the taxonomic rank of order Isoptera (but see also taxonomy below). Along with ants and some bees and wasps which are all placed in the separate order Hymenoptera, termites divide labour among gender lines, produce overlapping generations and take care of young collectively. Termites mostly feed on dead plant material, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, or animal dung, and about 10% of the estimated 4,000 species (about 2,600 taxonomically known) are economically significant as pests that can cause serious structural damage to buildings, crops or plantation forests. Termites are major detritivores, particularly in the subtropical and tropical regions, and their recycling of wood and other plant matter is of considerable ecological importance. Their role in bioturbation on the Khorat Plateau is under investigation. Wiki link
Damage: Termites feed primarily on wood and are capable of compromising the strength and safety of an infested structures. Termites are also capable of traversing through plaster, metal siding and other building materials.
Habitat: Subterranean termites have a crypto biotic or “hidden” lifestyle. They are always hidden from our view either beneath the surface of the soil, beneath the surface of the wood, or in their mud tunnels. The termites enter our buildings from beneath the soil surface and forage within the wood. We usually do not detect their presence until damage becomes evident or termite swarming takes place.
Feeding and Breeding: There is a large difference between the termite Queen, the termite King, and the alates, or secondary reproductive termites. Termites breed a large number of secondary reproductives to decrease chances of a family’s extinction. Termite reproductive processes are one of the most complex in the universe; one termite larva has the potential to become a member of any termite caste, depending on any of several variables throughout its younger life.
Treatment: Regular termite inspections are key to prevention, early detection and ongoing control. If you suspect termite infestation call Environ now.