Cimicidae or bedbugs, are small parasitic insects. The most common type is Cimex lectularius. The term usually refers to species that prefer to feed on human blood. All insects in this family live by feeding exclusively on the blood of warm-blooded animals
A number of health effects may occur due to bed bugs including skin rashes, psychological effects and allergic symptoms. Diagnosis involves both finding bed bugs and the occurrence of compatible symptoms. Treatment is otherwise symptomatic.
Damage: The greatest risk posed by bedbugs is the irritation of bites. Bedbug bites do not typically become visible until a day or more after the insect’s feeding, at which point large welts can appear. These wheals gradually reduce in size, becoming small, red marks. There may be health concerns about spotting on mattresses infested with bed bugs. While it is difficult to directly link diseases to spotted mattresses, it is recommended that spotted mattresses be replaced, even after bed bugs have been eradicated.
Habitat: Bedbugs have existed since the ancient times in temperate climates throughout the world. The common bedbug that has adapted to human enviroments has the scientific name of Cimex.
Bedbugs and swarm bird nests, and feed on househould pets. Their typical source of nutrition is human blood. They can be found in unusual places and can be typically found on mattresses, small crack, comforters, and bed sheets. Begbugs are worldwide travelers transported via luggage, clothes, bedding and furniture.
Feeding and Breeding: Begbugs feed on blood and can live up to 300 days with a an adequate food supply. Females can lay up to 500 eggs over a lifetime.
Treatment: The most effective bedbug extermination methods are those administered by pest control professionals. Early detection will limit the infestation.
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